FAS and other spectrum disorders affect children differently. They can include: Alcohol -- including wine, beer, and liquor -- is the leading preventable cause of birth defects in the U. In the womb, a baby doesn't have a fully developed liver that can process alcohol, so it can easily get to and damage the baby's organs.Some of the most severe problems happen when a pregnant woman drinks in the first trimester, when the baby's brain starts to develop.These features fade as the child grows up, but the child still has to cope with numerous other difficulties.The two categories for Fetal Alcohol Effects are Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) and Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD): ARND describes the mental and behavioral impairments such as learning disabilities, poor school performance, poor impulse control, and problems with memory, attention and/or judgment.Fetal alcohol syndrome is a lifelong condition that causes many physical and mental disabilities, including abnormal facial features, growth deficiencies and central nervous system problems.Individuals with fetal alcohol syndrome can also develop a wide range of secondary conditions that include mental health problems, disruption of education, legal problems, inappropriate sexual behavior, drug and alcohol problems and problems with daily living.
FASD is used to describe conditions that occur in individuals who have been diagnosed with some, but not all, of the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome.
Drinking during pregnancy can result in a child being born with a range of disorders known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD); the most severe effects of prenatal alcohol exposure is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
FAS is the leading known preventable causes of mental retardation and birth defects.
The screening test offered at 10-14 weeks is called the combined test. All women in England are offered screening for Down’s, Edwards' and Patau's syndromes using this test.
If you are too far into your pregnancy to have the combined test, you will be offered other tests.